Eye Cancer: Melanoma of the eye

Eye cancer or Melanoma is one of the serious conditions that can harm your eyes and impair your vision. It is a condition that, over time, has an impact on both your eyes and general health. Even though eye cancer is a rather uncommon ailment, it can’t be fully ruled out when talking about issues with the eyes.

Eye cancer can develop in any part of the eye. It can begin in the eye, which is known as primary intraocular cancer, or it can develop as a result of cancer spreading from another part of the body, which is known as secondary intraocular cancer.

Eye cancer symptoms

Eye cancer symptoms appear innocuous and are thus ignored by patients in the early stages. The signs and symptoms listed below could be caused by a variety of other benign conditions, and cancer is usually detected only through a thorough eye examination by your eye doctor.

The common symptoms include

Light flashes or floaters

Blurred vision, haloes, and shadows surrounding images, particularly those in bright light

A dark nevus or mole on the white part of the eye that grows in size and develops “angry” looking blood vessels or bleeds

The loss of vision may be accompanied by pain. Proptosis is the bulging of one or both eyes.

A growing lump or tumour on your eyelid or in your eye that is forming blood vessels

The iris’s colour changes

The pupil’s white reflex

Cause of Eye Cancer

It is unknown what causes eye melanoma. Doctors comprehend that eye melanoma develops when errors in the DNA of healthy eye cells occur. Because the DNA errors cause the cells to grow and multiply uncontrollably, the mutated cells live even though they should die. The mutated cells build up in the eye and form a melanoma.

What are parts affected by Melanoma?

Cells in the central layer of your eye are where eye melanoma most frequently occurs (uvea). Eye melanoma can affect any of the uvea’s three components.

The coloured portion of the eye’s iris is located in front.

At the back of the uvea, between the sclera and the retina, is a layer of blood vessels and connective tissue called the choroid layer.

The ciliary body, which is located at the front of the uvea, secretes the clear fluid into the eye (aqueous humour).

Eye cancer treatment

Depending on the type and severity of the condition, the patient is treated as following 

Surgery

The location and size of the tumour will determine the type and extent of the operation. The amount of tissue removed might range from the removal of the entire eyeball to just a small piece of the eye structure (enucleation). Surgery could cause the eye to lose all or part of its eyesight.

Radiation therapy 

It is available in a multitude of types. Doctors may place a disc containing radioactive seeds directly into the eye or concentrate on high-energy X-ray beams from a machine close to cancer (brachytherapy or plaque therapy). Because radiation can maintain vision and attractiveness, it is more frequently used than surgery.

Laser Therapy

Infrared light is used by doctors in laser therapy to heat and eliminate tumours. Because it can result in haemorrhage, retinal detachment, blockage of ocular blood vessels, and eye cancer recurrence, doctors normally only employ this technique for tiny eye tumours.

Chemotherapy

 It is typically not used as the first line of treatment for eye cancer until it has progressed to other body areas.

It’s possible to treat eye cancer in its early stages, therefore it’s crucial to make sure you get frequent eye exams to protect yourself from such conditions. Visit the top eye hospital in Delhi-NCR and receive a thorough examination. Visit a child eye specialist as well to take care of your child’s eyes.

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