Age-related macular degeneration, or AMD, is one of the major causes of blindness among senior citizens. It attacks the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which nurtures the retina.
Without the RPE, the retina loses recycled metabolites and nutrients. So when age-related macular degeneration damages the RPE, the retina fails to function, resulting in the loss of central vision.
Reducing the risk of AMD
Age-related macular degeneration has a direct relation to age. Ageing accelerates AMD, as described by the best retina specialists in Delhi. There is no way to escape natural ageing; however, there are ways to reduce the looming risk of macular degeneration.
- Cut smoking
Studies show that smoking affects the eyes. Several reports indicate that smoking increases the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration.
2. Activate physical health
A sedentary lifestyle can escalate age-related macular degeneration. If you start taking your health seriously and engage in physical exercise, it can reduce the risk of the disease.
3. Maintain a healthy diet
To decrease the chances of AMD, your diet should be rich in antioxidants. Dark green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, and fibre-rich fruits should be a significant part of your plate. Additionally, you can choose to eat fish for omega-3 intake.
4. Control your blood pressure
Blood pressure takes a toll on your blood vessels, and your eyes are at high risk as they have numerous small vessels. It is advisable to get regular blood pressure checkups from doctors.
5. Protect your eyes from UV rays
Exposure to UV rays and blue light from digital screens increases the risk of AMD. Wear sunglasses whenever you go out in daylight, and get prescribed blue-light-blocking glasses from the best eye hospital.
Age-related macular degeneration is a disease that can lead to severe vision loss. However, you can reduce your risk of developing it by taking precautions and getting regular eye checkups. If you’re in the Delhi-NCR area, Viaan Eye and Retina Centre is the best eye hospital to consider. They have a team of experienced eye specialists, including Dr Neeraj Sanduja, who is the best retina specialist in Delhi. With Dr Sanduja’s comprehensive analysis and expert care, you can rest assured that your eye health is in good hands.